A Little More C.S. Lewis – On Free Will and the Existence of Evil

“God created things which had free will. That means creatures which can go either wrong or right. Some people think they can imagine a creature which was free but had no possibility of going wrong; I cannot. If a thing is free to be good it is also free to be bad. And free will is what has made evil possible. Why, then, did God give them free will? Because free will, though it makes evil possible, is also the only thing that makes possible any love or goodness or joy worth having” (C.S. Lewis).


20 Responses to A Little More C.S. Lewis – On Free Will and the Existence of Evil

  1. timspong says:

    The problem I have with this is that Romans 3 makes it perfectly clear that in our fallen state we are incapable of good. All our “free will” can achieve is evil. Bearing in mind I am talking from a God centered perspective not a relativized human perspective.

    Don’t get me wrong, I love C.S. Lewis, however, I often don’t agree with his theology.

  2. Dimitris Gantes says:

    Dear timspong,
    I would like to say something regarding your thought on Romans 3. 1. We are still free to desire God’s law or not even when we are unable to do God’s will without God’s grace. 2. In Edem, Adam and Eve were really able to obey God. Sin was absent from their life. They were really free but they preferred to believe Satan.
    3. Today, every man is free to choose Christ, when the Holy Spirit convicts him for his sins and inspires him and enlightens him. This period in the life one’s man is a really suitable condition where anyone under the gentle push of the Spirit is free to believe or not to Christ. The Holy Spirit opens the eyes of the soul and the man has to choose. He can do what he wants to do. Some believe, while other say No to Him.

    Love and blessings in Him

  3. If man is “dead in sins and trespasses” (Eph. 2:1), and “there is none righteous, no not one” (Rom. 3:10), and “the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth” (Gen. 8:21), how can a dead, unrighteous and evil person respond with a free will?

    • Vin Keith says:

      @Mike Moultrie

      You have interpreted Eph. 2:1 , Rom. 3:10, and Gen. 8:21.
      Brother you are taking this passages out of of context.


      You have confused your analogy of the term “DEAD” to a lifeless person or a corpse. Which you described unable to respond.

      1. the Bible does compare the sinner’s spiritual condition to death BUT it does not compare the sinful spirit to a corpse.

      This is significant because death is an event while a dead body is an object.

      The Bible compares the event.

      You on the other hand..
      are comparing the properties of the object (the dead corpse) and transferring those properties onto the dead spirit.

      I know what your point is that is to view the corpse as inanimate.

      unconscious matter similar to a rock or a lump of coal.

      So to your belief the dead body has no capacity for choice.
      Therefore to your own opinion the dead spirit has no choice either.

      It is true:

      The Bible does state that unbelieving spirits are dead spirits.
      We both agree to that.

      So you may ask me “Dead to what or rather dead to whom?”

      But it assumes that death is defined in terms of what we are “dead to.”

      So now you are already viewing death in terms of its “responsiveness” to EXTERNAL things.

      Phrases such as “dead to what?” or “dead to whom?” imply that death, BY DEFINITION, is a state of “unresponsiveness” or “inability to act and interact.”

      But “unresponsiveness” and “inactivity” is really just an “effect” that death has on a physical body.

      We cannot assume that the effects of death are uniform for all the forms of death (including physical death, spiritual death, and eternal death.)

      Carefully read this:

      Psalm 146:(KJV)
      3 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help.
      4 His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

      The Hebrew word the King James Version translates as “breath” in verse 4 is “ruwach,” which is the Hebrew word for “spirit.” In fact, the NIV translates it as such.

      Psalm 146:(NIV)
      3 Do not put your trust in princes, in mortal men, who cannot save.
      4 When their spirit departs, they return to the ground; on that very day their plans come to nothing.

      James 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

      That’s proof number 1 that unsaved men have spirits.

      Proof number 2 that unsaved men have spirits can be found in the following manner. Find and ungodly person in scripture and show that they have a spirit.

      Please read:
      Genesis 41:8
      And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.

      So, Pharaoh had a spirit. Are we to assume he was saved? No, of course not. So that’s one example of an unsaved man with a spirit.

      Ezekiel 13:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!

      Here we have Ezekiel testifying to the fact that false prophets have spirits. Are we to assume these false prophets are saved? Again, no, of course not.

      I can put alot of passages here but I hope you got my point and here is my final point.

      But is a dead spirit just as nonfunctioning? Nope.

      A dead spirit still functions. In particular, a dead spirit still continues to carry out one of its primary functions: the function of animating the human body.

      You assume that part of what it means to die is to lose functionality.

      Because the body loses all functionality in death, you assume a dead spirit has also lost its functionality.

      Because communicating with God is one of the functions of the human spirit, you assume a dead spirit cannot communicate with God or reach out to God in any way.

      Like a dead body has lost all function, the dead spirit has lost the function of communicating with God.

      But, as we have demonstrated, a dead spirit has not lost all function as a dead body has.

      A dead body cannot act on anything. A dead spirit still acts on the body to invigorate it.

      Thus we have proven that the effects death has are not uniform for all forms of death.

      Importantly, physical death has the effect of causing the body to cease functioning, while spiritual death does not cause the cessation of function.

      Or, to put it even more simply. In physical death, the body becomes inactive. But even after spiritual death, the spirit remains active, performing the action of invigorating the body.

      Lets cut the chase…

      So, the only question that remains is this; Why does the Bible compare spiritual death to physical death at all? Or in other words, to what extent are the death of a body and the death of a spirit alike?

      If we can come up with a uniform definition that applies in both spiritual and physical cases then we will know what spiritual and physical death have in common.

      Death is by definition a departure (or separation) and it is this similarity that is conveyed by the Bible between spiritual death and physical death, (the commonality of a departure or separation.)

      Ephesians 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

      Ephesians 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)

      Noticed the word QUICKENED

      Ephesians 2:11 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; 12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: 13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

      In the very immediate context of Ephesians 2, we find that the Apostle Paul spoke of our being “dead in sin” as defined in terms our being “far off” and “without God in the world.” Paul is defining our past position of being “dead in sin” in terms of our being “cut off” from God. Even so, “death” is by definition a separation.

      Even the Greek word “quicken” that occurs in Ephesians 2:1 and 2:5 as well as Colossians 2:13 indicates that “death” is defined in terms of separation.

      Using exegetical terms:

      Now, elsewhere in the New Testament, the Greek word translated into the English “quicken” is Strong’s #2227, and it simply means “to bring to life.” It is the Greek word “zoopoieo.”

      However, in all 3 of these passages (Ephesians 2:1, Ephesians 2:5, and Colossians 2:13) the Greek word for quicken is a slightly different Greek word. It is Strong’s #4806, the Greek word “suzoopoieo.” (In fact, this word, Strong’s 4806, only occurs in these passages in Ephesians 2 and Colossians 2. Every other time the word “quicken” occurs in the English, it is Strong’s 2227.)

      4806 suzoopoieo sood-zo-op-oy-eh’-o
      from 4862 and 2227; TDNT-7:787,1102; v
      AV-quicken together with 1, quicken together 1; 2
      1) to make one alive together
      1a) of Christians, with Christ

      “Suzoopoieo” is actually a compound word comprised of Strong’s #2227 and the Greek word “sun,” meaning “with” (Strong’s 4862.) As we can see from the definition above, this compound Greek word means not only “to make alive” but a process of making alive “with Christ.”

      This indicates that when Paul spoke of our being “dead in sins” in Ephesians 2 and Colossians 2, he meant our separation from God because that death ended when we were quickened “with Christ.”

      The inclusion of the phrase “with Christ” indicates that the separation has ended because we are no longer “far off” as Paul says in Ephesians 2:12, but we are now “with Christ.”

      Thus, Biblically speaking, a correct definition of death is “a departure or separation.”

      This definition is simple and it works clearly in all three cases: physical death, spiritual death, and eternal death (the second death spoken of in Revelation 19 and 20.)

      The other preferable aspect of this definition is that is minimalist.

      It assumes only what is necessary without assuming other elements or traits, which is superior since we don’t want to assume any more than is necessary to explain the factual details.

      Defining death as a “separation” does just that and it avoids the Calvinist mistake of confusing the effects of death with the event of death itself.

      Peace brother and may God continually bless you.

      To God be the Glory!

    • Vin Keith says:

      “there is none righteous, no not one (Rom. 3:10)”

      Again you are quoting bible verses out of context.

      In here paul was referring to the self righteousness of the jews particularly the scribes and the pharisees and saducees…

      Because the rulers and authorities of that time thought that their righteousness can equal to God’s righteousness.

      Because if we were to take that bible passage to your own interpretaiton, then it would conflict other passages in the bible like:

      Job 1:1

      1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil.

      that already conflicts your interpretation of Romans 3:10

      That is why PAul said in Romans 3:23

      23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

      Paul never did say that all men are unrighteous. No.

      He said that no man can never equal their righteousness from God, that all of our righteousness will always fall short, even shorter or perhaps quite… but can never equal to God’s.

      Men can be righteous in the sight of God, here are the passages:

      Genesis 6:9
      Noah was a righteous man, blameless among the people of his time, and he walked with God.

      Genesis 5:24
      “Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him away.”

      “By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, ‘and was not found, because God had taken him’; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God.” (Hebrews 11:5, NKJV)

      How about abraham:

      Romans 4:20-22
      20 Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened in his faith and gave glory to God, 21 being fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised. 22 This is why “it was credited to him as righteousness.”

      God did not take what was due for abraham, as a matter of fact it was credited to him by God as Righteousness….

      But of course as always to God be the Glory. and Let God honor our faith to Him as righteousness.

  4. Evil can only exist in a world that has free will. God did not create people as robots. If we were forced to love God and do good all the time, then it wouldn’t really be love. Only when free will enters the picture are we free to truly know and worship God. Another result of this is the ability to chose not to. Because some chose to not serve God, sin and evil are part of our world. Being dead in sins and trespasses, unrighteous being evil from youth are all direct results of the fall. Thus, sin and evil are a result of free will. The question then becomes: “How can an evil heart freely chose right?”

    p.s. I appreciate the other question that you sent me (What is our biblical approach to female pastors in light of 1 Timothy 2:11-15). I would be happy to answer it in an upcoming post.

    • I believe Adam and Eve truly had free will, but they are the only ones who didn’t inherit a sin nature. A soveriegn God doesn’t leave the salvation of man and the restoration of the earth in the control of man while He sits back hoping that everything works out. Romans 9:14-18 (which is rarely preached) speaks to this clearly: 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not! 15 For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.”[f] 16 So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to the Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.”[g] 18 Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens”. Thanks for responding so promptly.

      • You are right in saying that Adam and Eve didn’t inherit a sinful nature. They were created perfect. That perfection also included free will. They exercised their free will when they sinned. That the human race is now contaminated by sin does not eliminate the reality that free will still exists. If this were not true, we would not be able to hear the invitation: “Choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve” (Joshua 24:15). God has made it clear that we can choose to serve him and we can choose not to.

        With that said, I think you have brought up a very important passage. Romans 9 is routinely skirting over or ignored altogether. The danger with interpreting this passage, I think, comes from two theological angles. The Arminian side refuses to recognize God’s divine sovereignty in predestination. The Calvinist side sometimes denies the responsibility of man, leaning so far to the side of predestination as to leave people robots without a will to choose.

        The passage is clear that God does predestine, and this is not based on what anyone has done beforehand. “10Not only that, but Rebekah’s children had one and the same father, our father Isaac. 11Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand: 12not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.” 13Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.” It is then by his mercy that God calls his elect.

        This does not eliminate our will to choose him. All throughout Scripture it is assumed that we do have free will. It is found on every page. People choose right and people choose sin. We are invited to receive Christ on the basis that we can actually actively choose him.

        Allow me to use an illustration. Suppose someone is elected into political office. Just because they have been elected does not mean they are automatically in office at that very moment. The person must receive their election and step up into their office. God’s election is like this. He chooses some to be elected, but we must still choose to accept Christ and receive the salvation offered to us. Then we are further exhorted with words such as, “continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12) and “You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised.” (Hebrews 10:36).

        “So then, just as you received Christ Jesus as Lord, continue to live in him” (Colossians 2:6).

  5. I see we’re not going to see eye-to-eye on this issue but i love your zeal and passion for Christ. Keep reaching souls where you are and i’ll do the same over here in good ole NYC. Take care in Christ, Mike.

  6. dgmeece says:

    Mike, how can she “reach souls”? If God has selected randomly in advance who will be saved…..what is the point of the Great Commission? Where the problem of pre-destination/free-will breaks down is that people always place God within the constructs of “time.” This is fallacy. God’s sovereignty and human free-will are in NO way mutually exclusive. God is in complete control of every second of every day and every outcome of creation. But humans are likewise free to choose Him or reject Him. This is possible because God has “foreknowledge” of every free choice made by humans. Many people say that if he has foreknowledge of our choices, then we aren’t really free to choose at all……but that is because, frankly, even that term (foreknowledge) is too limiting of Him. To God, there is no “fore”. He didn’t know “before” we did something, because to him there is no past, present, or future. Those are limitations of our finite minds. God is eternal, and is not bound by time.

    God didn’t create a universe of automata……he made creatures with free will….which made evil possible, but also love. But that in no way limited His sovereignty. Because He knows and sees all outcomes at once.

  7. Do men have the liberty to choose Christ?
    Yes, but they lack the ability to do so since they are dead in trespasses and sin. This
    question will be difficult for many to deal with. G.I. Williamson’s commentary on the
    Westminster Confession is helpful. He says that before the Fall, man had both liberty
    and ability to choose to obey God. After the Fall, man lost the ability to obey but still
    had liberty. This explanation answers the complaint some offer that the doctrine of
    election makes man an automaton (robot). Strictly speaking, God doesn’t keep anyone
    from coming to Christ. The fact is that unregenerate man cannot or will not of his own
    volition. Nevertheless, he could if he only would. Once man is regenerated, his ability to
    obey God is restored.

  8. It is true that the Word of God says, “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him” (John 6:44). But that still does not eliminate the choice to follow when being drawn. While we do believe in the doctrine of election, as Scripture confirms it, I do not see Scripture teach irresistible grace (i.e. the elect will automatically come to salvation no matter what). All throughout the Bible it shows that we have a will to choose. Even if that will has been corrupted by sin, a corruption that penetrates the entire soul until we come to Christ, free will still exists. If we could not choose to do right it would not be free will, just as if we could not choose to do wrong. An imperfect state does not mean a complete elimination of choice to do good.

    I agree with you that coming to Christ regenerates the believer. The believer then has the Spirit of God, and has victory over the sinful nature in order to choose to do good. The believer is to practice faith in order to remain in holiness and righteousness in Christ. “If you love me, you will obey what I command” (John 14:15).

  9. “All throughout the Bible it shows that we have a will to choose.”

    Let the whole Scripture speak:

    John 6:37 – ALL that the Father gives Me WILL come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will by no means cast out.

    ALL (the Father gives) WILL COME… No one CAN (unless the LORD opens their heart like He did Lydia’s in Acts 16), come to the Jesus…

    44 No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up at the last day.

    Not only willthe Elect and predestined come, but they will endure til the end!
    That’s the Sovereign God I serve.

  10. Lisa Williams says:

    Is contemplating to do wrong sin? Is doubting God sin? Not believing Him, even if you don’t act on it, is that sin? If yes, then sin existed and we knew sin before Adam and Eve ate of the tree. If doubting or not believing is NOT sin then that goes against everything I know or have been taught. So, this leaves me very confused…

    • As far as doubting God, Yes, that is a sin. James 1:5-8 says as much. ” 5 If any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him. 6 But when he asks, he must believe and not doubt, because he who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind. 7 That man should not think he will receive anything from the Lord; 8 he is a double-minded man, unstable in all he does.
      Why would a Christian doubt God? 2 Corinthians 1:20
      says, “For all the promises of God in Him are Yes, and in Him Amen, to the glory of God through us.”

      Christians are warned that scoffers and doubters will emerge and question whether or not Jesus will really return. In the face of such doubts, we must cling to God’s promises, and take heart in His faithfulness over the centuries. 2 Peter 3:1-7

  11. No, temptation is not the same thing as sin. The Lord Jesus Christ “has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin” (Hebrews 4:15). Temptation leads to sin only when we act on it. “But each one is tempted when, by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death” (James 1:14-15). The temptation entices and drags us away. From that enticement, sin can happen if you continue to actually carry what you are tempted to do. Death results because “the wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23).

    The first sin did not happen until the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil was actually eaten. Besides the above reasons, this can be illustrated by the fact that they did not know that they were naked and were not ashamed before they ate. It was eating the fruit that gave them the knowledge of good and evil, and this shows that not the temptation, but the eating, was the sin.

    Sometimes people have questions about God. God never says that asking questions is a sin, although sometimes people make it seem this way. This is why we are here on this blog – to answer questions. Many things are sin, including things like blasphemy. But merely asking a question is not. In fact, the Word of God says, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength” (Mark 12:30). I am called to love God with all my mind. I think that is a great truth because it means I can worship God with a reasonable thought process. Another verse I loves says, “‘Come now, let us reason together,” says the LORD. ‘Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool'” (Isaiah 1:18). Even the Lord himself wants my faith to be reasonable. This does not eliminate faith in its essence. “Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see” (Hebrews 11:1). I am only saying that reason is a part of faith. I believe in the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ because it is true. I worship him in spirit and in truth (John 4:23-24). He commands that we worship what is true. This is why it is okay to ask questions: so that we can examine what in fact is true about God.

  12. Continuing on, it is true that there is such thing as entertaining sinful thoughts. Jesus said that if you even look at a person in lust you have already committed adultery with them in your heart. He said that if you have hated someone it is like committing murder already in your heart (See Matthew 5).

    In conclusion: It is true that you can sin in your thought life. It is also true that someone can ask honest questions of the Lord without being in sin. Sin did not exist before the act of eating of the tree. Likewise the Lord Jesus Christ was tempted but did not sin. Thus it is possible to be tempted without entering into sin. Yet entertaining the thought, for example of adultery or murder, is the same as doing it already.

    Does this help? I hope this answers some of your questions. Please feel free to ask more.

  13. David Bishop says:

    C.S. Lewis has argued that we cannot truly love God unless we are first free to truly hate Him. And so in books like Mere Christianity, The Abolition of Man, The Screwtape Letters, Perelandra, Out of the Silent Planet, That Hideous Strength, and A Pilgrim’s Regress, Lewis writes that God can only reveal the true depth and richness of His love to a creature who is free to choose to love Him.

    In The Great Divorce, for instance, he presents his readers with six citizens of Hell who are given the opportunity to take a journey to Heaven for a day (how they got this opportunity he doesn’t bother to explain, but oh well). While in Heaven, the six are offered the choice to either remain in Heaven or to return to Hell. Of the six, only one chooses to stay, and that only after an angel first asks for permission to destroy the lust that clings to this one’s shoulder in the shape of a lizard.

    (Lewis apparently wants us to believe that Christ’s finished work wasn’t enough to deal with lust. Lewis also apparently wants us to believe lust looks the part of a lizard.)

    The Great Divorce is supposed to be a warning against those who would remain in their sin while calling themselves a Christian. Lewis would have done well to heed the warning himself, for in The Great Divorce he presents the idea one can be redeemed, purchased by the blood of Christ, and yet still somehow find himself a citizen of Hell.

    What Lewis does here, and what every single Arminianist does along with him, is try to make God less than God; as though somehow God is helpless to do anything that is contrary to almighty man and his almighty free will. “But you’re making man into a robot,” the Arminianist will argue when confronted with God’s sovereignty.

    Never mind the fact that the Arminianist is making God into a robot by arguing for man’s sovereignty. “But you’re making man into a robot!” To which I say, and? What is your point? That God should be the robot instead of man? How very blasphemous of you. ”

    Is not God free to do as He wishes, and especially with respect to His creation? What sort of God is not free to do so? Even the pagans, with their many gods know better. Has anyone ever presented the story of a Zeus who is not able to do with man whatever he wishes? What of Vishnu, is he so helpless he cannot do as he pleases? What of Ra, has he ever been a man that he should respect man’s will? And yet many the “civilized” man who calls himself a Christian will give more honor to a Zeus, to a Vishnu, to a Ra than he will to the one and only Jehovah.

    Here we have the most fantastic news in the universe. The God who has created all that exists, the One who is eternally omniscient, almighty, omnipresent and a terror to behold, this God, this One, has chosen a few mortals to be His children. And yet, many who would name themselves His children will argue, “not until He first checks in with me, He doesn’t.” What sort of nonsense is that?! It’s beyond nonsense, it’s absurd.

    Hebrews 2:10 begins:”For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things. . .”

    For whom are all things. Not only from whom, although all things are indeed also from Him, but rather for Him. Nothing that exists, nothing that has ever existed, nothing that ever will exist, exists for any other reason than Him. He is the reason for it all. I exist for Him. For Him! The elect exist for Him. The non-elect exist for Him. Satan exists for Him. All the angels, elect and reprobate exist for Him. The stars, the planets, the galaxies, all the viruses and bacteria in the universe, every plant, every animal, every rock, every thought, every concept, every minute and every second exists for Him.

    There is nothing that does not exist for Him. It is all His to do with as He pleases, and what He pleases is to do the Father’s will. And what is the Father’s will? That the Son shall be glorified. Therefore, all that exists, exists for Him.

    Now how in the world can any mere creature, designed and created for Him, expect to be taken seriously by shaking his tiny fist and saying, “Not by the will of my chinny-chin-chin”? And it’s not like the proud Arminian is the only little porker hiding in the straw house either.

    Many “Calvinists” also take sides against God by conditioning hell on the sinner. They write like this: “Sinners who refuse and continue to believe salvation conditioned on themselves, against God’s promise, shut themselves out of the kingdom of heaven.”

    No, they do not! There is no difference between this and Lewis’ idea that Hell is locked from the inside. No one can shut himself out of the kingdom of heaven. No one can lock the doors of Hell. God is the one who shuts people out of the kingdom of heaven. God is the one who locks people into Hell.

    Sinners who refuse the Gospel do so because God has made them do so. He is the one who blinds, He is the one who deafens, He is the one who shuts, and He is the one who locks.

    If I could have a conversation with Lewis, I suspect it would go something like this:

    Lewis: You would be making man into a robot.

    Me: And? Is it your contention that God is the robot? I am His creature, He is the Creator. If you want to say that makes all men a robot, then so be it, I’m a robot.

    Lewis: But if you’re robot, then you’d have to admit you can’t honestly love God.

    Me: I admit no such thing. I was a robot that had been pre-programmed to hate God. God reprogrammed me to love Him. How is it now that I don’t honestly love Him?

    Lewis: Yes but, you can’t know God’s love to the fullest extent.

    Me: How is that? I had been a robot pre-programmed to sin. God rescued me from my programming by dying for my bad output on a cross. He reprogrammed me with the knowledge of where I had been and where I am now. How is that I don’t know God’s love to the fullest extent?

    Lewis: But. . . but. . . y-you’d make God responsible for evil.

    Me: He created Satan, didn’t He? Let’s say for a moment you’re right, and God, using only His foreknowledge, knew Satan would sin. Very well, He created Satan knowing full well Satan would sin and would cast the universe into chaos, didn’t He? He created Satan knowing full well what sin would do to His creature, man, didn’t He? And yet He created him anyway. How does that not make Him responsible for evil?

    C S Lewis is a goat. He will be summarily destroyed on the day of judgment, along with G K Chesterton, Billy Graham, and every pope who has ever walked this earth. – John 6:44

  14. Hanna says:


    i’m writting an essay on free will to why i believe we have free will. and my head aguement person is C. S. Lewis. Do you know any page of side or article that is about his thoughts on free will? I have been searching the internet for hours and i can’t seem to find anything! I want a concret article or page that explains his theories on free will.

    and i want to thank you, your page really helped me. I have to write 10pages and i managed to argue 2pages on the adam and eve theory you wrote! thank you

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